Consultation Guide

Disease Specific Questions

Aortic Valve

Aortic Valve

  • Is it only the aortic valve, how are my other valves?
  • What symptoms of aortic valve Stenosis/ Regurgitation would push me towards having my valve repaired?
  • How common is Aortic valve Regurgitation/Stenosis?
  • Is it only the Aortic valve, how are my other valves?

​Mitral Valve

Mitral Valve

  • Can you be specific, which type of mitral valve disease do I have?
  • How common is mitral valve Regurgitation/Stenosis?
  • Is it only the mitral valve, how are my other valves?
  • Does mitral valve disease make having other valve defects more likely?
  • How is mitral valve Regurgitation/ Stenosis monitored over time?
  • What changes happen to the heart after having mitral Regurgitation/ Stenosis over time?
  • What are the treatment options for mitral valve disease?

Bicuspid Valve & Tricuspid

Bicuspid Valve & Tricuspid

  • What is the difference between Bicuspid and Tricuspid?
  • Is my valve bicuspid? If so, how does this predispose me to aortic stenosis?



  • What are the symptoms of Endocarditis?
  • What specifically caused my endocarditis?
  • Can endocarditis affect my other organs such as my kidneys, brain, lungs and skin?
  • What factors are you considering in determining the timing and type of cardiac surgery for my endocarditis?
  • For how long do I need to take antibiotics for endocarditis?
  • What are the side-effects of these antibiotics?
  • Is endocarditis different when it affects prosthetic valves as compared with native heart valves?
  • Should I take antibiotics before dental procedures to prevent endocarditis?
  • Should I restrict my physical activity because of endocarditis?